Scientific Writing Course

////Scientific Writing Course

The Scientific Writing course is designed for new research professionals or researchers who wish to improve their skills in scientific writing. All scientists face the pressure of publishing results in prestigious journals and the challenges associated with writing and publishing. This course features a hands-on approach to developing and/or reinforcing a researchers’ skills in three key areas:

  • Developing a strategy, understanding what editors and referees are interested in publishing and why;
  • Developing a story, understanding what elements can make a scientific article convincing;
  • Using a common language, developing techniques to promote clear and effective communication with readers.

The skills required for successful scientific writing are based on science and clear communication, so the integration of both skills are necessary to craft a compelling written piece. The course is designed so that the participants can prepare their own manuscript step by step.

Structure of the Course:


  • 1. The Structure of a Scientific Article
    Conventional structures: RIMRyD (Abstract, Introduction, Materials and methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions) and their variations.
  • 2. Criteria of the Arbitrators to Evaluate Scientific Articles
    Typical questions included in the evaluation formats of scientific journals.


  • 3. Results as Article Vehicle
    • 3.1 Figures, tables, or text?
    • 3.2 Designing figures
    • 3.3 Designing tables
    • 3.4 Legends of figures and titles of tables
  • 4. Drafting Results
    • 4.1 Structure of the results section
    • 4.2 Sentence functions in the results section
    • 4.3 Time of the verbs in the results section
  • 5. The Methodology
    • 5.1 Purpose of the section
    • 5.2 Organization of the section
    • 5.3 Use of passive or active verbs
  • 6. Introduction
    • 6.1 Phases of argumentation towards a convincing introduction
    • 6.2 Locating your project within a scientific research theme
    • 6.3 Appropriate use of references and bibliographic citations
    • 6.4 Avoiding plagiarism when referring to other works
    • 6.5 Indicating the knowledge gap or research niche
    • 6.6 The statement of purpose and objectives of the study
    • 6.7 Suggested process for writing the introduction
    • 6.8 Editing for a logical flow
  • 7. The Discussion
    • 7.1 Important structural aspects
    • 7.2 Informational elements to highlight key messages
    • 7.3 Form of use of the main verbs to highlight the main findings
  • 8. The Title
    • 8.1 Provision of relevant but concise information
    • 8.2 Use of prominent words
    • 8.3 Choosing strategically: Substantive phrase, statement, or question?
    • 8.4 Avoiding ambiguity in substantive phrases
  • 9. The Summary
    • 9.1 Why are summaries so important
    • 9.2 Selecting additional keywords
    • 9.3 Typical information elements


  • 10. Submitting a Manuscript
    • 10.1 Understanding the review process
    • 10.2 Understanding the editor’s role
    • 10.3 The letter of presentation of the article
    • 10.4 Understanding the role of reviewers or referees
  • 11. How to Answer the Editor and the Referees
    • 11.1 Basic rules
    • 11.2 How to cope with rejection of a manuscript
    • 11.3 How to respond to a “conditioned acceptance” or a “check and re-submit”
  • 12. Synthesis of the Process of Preparing a Manuscript
    • 12.1 Initial preparation steps
    • 12.2 Editing procedures
    • 12.3 Review of previous list
  • 13. Writing Projects to Obtain Funds
    • 13.1 Process for preparing and submitting a proposal
    • 13.2 Frequent mistakes to avoid


The entire content of the course can be covered in 40 hours:

  • 20 hours of classroom work organized in eight sessions of 2.5 hours
  • 20 hours of practical work with support from a tutor.

In addition, participants will have to resolve tasks between sessions in order to advance the writing of their respective scientific articles.


Dr. Francisco Román
Scientific Director – CINCIA

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